Ssl handshake algorithm

What is SSL/TLS Handshake? SSL/TLS handshake is an arbitration made between the browser and the server for establishing the connection details. Since TLS replaced SSL before some time, all SSL handshakes are now defined as TLS handshakes. Both these parties decide on the below steps: TLS version which is to be used; Cryptographic algorithms are to be use What Is An SSL/TLS Handshake? SSL/TLS are protocols used for encrypting information between two points. It is usually between server and client, but there are times when server to server and client to client encryption are needed. This article will focus only on the negotiation between server and client In this post, we will understand SSL Handshake Protocol. SSL protocol, does its fantastic job of securing communication over the wire, with the help of multiple layers of protocols, above TCP (And After Application Layer). Always keep in mind that, although HTTP protocol is the protocol, which highly makes use of SSL, to secure communication

An SSL/TLS handshake is a negotiation between two parties on a network - such as a browser and web server - to establish the details of their connection The SSL or TLS handshake enables the SSL or TLS client and server to establish the secret keys with which they communicate. This section provides a summary of the steps that enable the SSL or TLS client and server to communicate with each other: Agree on the version of the protocol to use. Select cryptographic algorithms Was ist ein SSL/TLS-Handshake? Bei SSL/TLS handelt es sich um Protokolle für die Verschlüsselung von Informationen, die zwischen zwei Punkten übertragen werden. Dies findet in der Regel zwischen Server und Client statt, doch in manchen Fällen wird Verschlüsselung auch für Übertragungen zwischen Servern oder zwischen Clients benötigt The main purpose of an SSL handshake is to provide privacy and data integrity for communication between a server and a client. During the Handshake, server and client will exchange important.. SSL uses asymmetric cryptography to initiate the communication which is known as SSL handshake. Most commonly used asymmetric key encryption algorithms include EIGamal, RSA, DSA, Elliptic curve techniques and PKCS. Symmetric Cryptography. In the symmetric cryptography, there is only one key which encrypts and decrypts the data. Both sender and receiver should have this key, which is only known to them

Handshake protocol. In this phase, the client and server will: Negotiate the protocol version; Select cryptographic algorithm (or cipher suites) Authenticate each other by asymmetric cryptography; Establish a shared secret key that will be used for symmetric encryption in the next phase The problem is caused by Oracle disabling hash algorithms which are no longer considered to be secure. Take a look at. JRE_HOME/lib/security/java.security It contains the following properties: jdk.certpath.disabledAlgorithms jdk.tls.disabledAlgorithms You can adjust them appropriately An SSL Handshake Failure or Error 525 means that the server and browser were unable to establish a secure connection. This can happen for a variety of reasons. Generally, an Error 525 means that the SSL handshake between a domain using Cloudflare and the origin web server failed: The Error 525 SSL handshake failed message in Google Chrom

What is SSL/TLS Handshake? SSL Handshake Explaine

  1. SSL/TLS Handshake process begins when your browser sends a request to make a secure connection with a web server like Apache. Though sometimes an error occurs, and one of the commonly faced SSL/TLS errors is an SSL Handshake Failed error, or also known as SSL Handshake Failed
  2. Understanding SSL requires an understanding of cryptographic algorithms, message digest functions (aka. one-way or hash functions), and digital signatures. These techniques are the subject of entire books (see for instance [ AC96 ]) and provide the basis for privacy, integrity, and authentication
  3. Video tutorial on How HTTPS works. Hindi version of this video is available at - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EFyMR9vbJRM This video covers - HTTPS Why.
  4. In SSL Record Protocol application data is divided into fragments. The fragment is compressed and then encrypted MAC (Message Authentication Code) generated by algorithms like SHA (Secure Hash Protocol) and MD5 (Message Digest) is appended. After that encryption of the data is done and in last SSL header is appended to the data
  5. Step 3: The SSL Handshake An important part of SSL is the initial handshake that establishes a secure connection. The handshake proceeds in several phases. There are slight differences for different versions of TLS and depending on the encryption scheme that is in use. The usual outline for a brand-new connection is: a. Client (the browser) and Server (the web server) both send their Hello
How SSL works

How does SSL work? What is an SSL handshake? DigiCer

SSL, or Secure Sockets Layer, was the original encryption protocol developed for HTTP. SSL was replaced by TLS, or Transport Layer Security, some time ago. SSL handshakes are now called TLS handshakes, although the SSL name is still in wide use Cryptographic Algorithms Used With SSL. Cipher suites define the following aspects of SSL communication: The key exchange Algorithm. The encryption cipher. The encryption cipher key length . The message authentication method. The SSL protocol supports many ciphers. Clients and servers can support different cipher suites, depending on factors such as the version of SSL they support, and company. SSL is the most common protocol for exchanging encrypted data over a TCP connection. And in order to establish an SSL connection, the two endpoints must exchange public keys, encryption algorithm, protocol version, and so on. This exchange is known as an SSL handshake In this post I will give an overview of the SSL Handshake. Together with all the steps that are necessary to do a successful secure connection between two entities. SSL is a cryptographic protoco

Encryption Algorithm (E.G : RSA) Decryption Algorithm (E.G : RSA) Encryption Cipher Text. Public Key Plain Text Plain Text Alice's private key Alice's public key Encryption Algorithm (E.G : RSA) Decryption Algorithm (E.G : RSA) Authentication Cipher Text. Public Key (Digital Signature) Data Hash Function 101010101010101 hash Encrypt hash using signer's private key 101010101010101 Signin Transport Layer Security (TLS), the successor of the now-deprecated Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), is a cryptographic protocol designed to provide communications security over a computer network. Several versions of the protocol are widely used in applications such as email, instant messaging, and voice over IP, but its use as the Security layer in HTTPS remains the most publicly visible SSL Handshake. SSL handshakes are a mechanism by which a client and server establish the trust and logistics required to secure their connection over the network. This is a very orchestrated procedure and understanding the details of this can help understand why it often fails, which we intend to cover in the next section. Typical steps in an SSL handshake are: Client provides a list of.

Understanding SSL Handshake Protoco

  1. Diagnosing TLS, SSL, and HTTPS. When building inter-connected applications, developers frequently interact with TLS-enabled protocols like HTTPS. With recent emphasis on encrypted communications, I will cover the way in which the JDK evolves regarding protocols, algorithms, and changes, as well as some advanced diagnostics to better understand.
  2. The RSA handshake only uses one public key algorithm operation, RSA. A DH handshake with an RSA certificate requires the same RSA operation, but with an additional DH operation. Given that the certificate is RSA, the RSA handshake is faster to compute. Public key algorithms like RSA and DH use a lot of CPU and are the slowest part of the TLS handshake. A laptop can only perform a couple.
  3. SSL Labs. SSL Labs by Qualys is one of the most popular SSL testing tools to check all latest vulnerability & misconfiguration. Ex: Certificate issuer, validity, algorithm used to sign; Protocol details, cipher suites, handshake simulatio
  4. When an SSL client and server begin to communicate, they agree on a protocol version, select cryptographic algorithms, optionally authenticate each other, and use public key encryption techniques in order to generate shared secrets. These processes are performed in the handshake protocol. In summary, the client sends a Client Hello message to the server, which must respond with a Server Hello.
  5. The server will use a similar algorithm, with two notable differences: It needs to compute a hash of the same handshake communications as the client as well as the decrypted Encrypted Handshake Message message sent by the client (i.e. the 16-bytes hash starting with 0x1400000C) It will call PRF(master_secret, server finished, hash, 12
  6. TLS, also known as SSL, is a protocol for encrypting communications over a network. TLS uses both asymmetric encryption and symmetric encryption. During a TLS handshake, the client and server agree upon new keys to use for symmetric encryption, called session keys
  7. SSL handshake protocol working tutorial with client hello message,server hello message, certificate and key exchange There are different versions and types of encryption and authentication algorithms out there. SSL can make use of, most of them out there. But a major point to note here is that, both the server and client must first agree on the same algorithm, that they are going to use in.

An SSL/TLS handshake is a negotiation between two parties on a network - such as a browser and web server - to establish the details of their connection. It determines what version of SSL/TLS will be used in the session, which cipher suite will encrypt communication, verifies the server (and sometimes also the client), and establishes that a secure connection is in place before. The steps involved in SSL handshakes are as follows (Note that the following steps ume use the cipher suite listed in cipher suites with RSA Key Exchange: Triple DES, RC4, RC2, DES) 1. Hello Client. The client sends the information the server needs to initiate the HTTPS connection. In the log above, we can see that the client is hello with TLS v 1.2. This notifies the client-server that TLS [1. The SSL handshake takes place as soon as a browser attempts to connect to a website. It's essentially how both exchange cryptographic data. There are multiple steps involved in this process, with the two exchanging a series of messages with information about how to proceed while also authenticating each other. How the SSL handshake plays out is dependent on the version of TLS being used. As.

The SSL/TLS Handshake: an Overview - SSL

An overview of the SSL or TLS handshake - IB

- the algorithms of the compression, encryption, and MAC that will be used by the two connecting ends. - the MAC and encryption keys used by the two ends. 1.1 Fragmentation. The RFC specifies that the size of the SSL Record payload must not exceed 16k bytes. As we will see with the handshake process, the server is likely to send a message with large size. In such case, the Record Layer. Step 3: The SSL Handshake An important part of SSL is the initial handshake that establishes a secure connection. The handshake proceeds in several phases. There are slight differences for different versions of TLS and depending on the encryption scheme that is in use. The usual outline for a brand-new connection is: a. Client (the browser) and Server (the web server) both send their Hellos b. For example, the SSL handshake makes explicit connections via a port. TLS, on the other hand, facilitates implicit connections via protocol. This handshake operates on specific methods/algorithms called cipher suites. Although there are many differences between SSL and TLS, the fundamental difference between SSL and TLS lies in these cipher suites that play a significant role in the.

SSL Handshake Analysis Computer Measurement Group Webinar Nalini Elkins Inside Products, Inc. nalini.elkins@insidethestack.com Inside Products, Inc. (831) 659-8360 www.insidethestack.com www.ipproblemfinders.com. In late 2013, an A.T.M. in Kiev started dispensing cash at seemingly random times of day. No one had put in a card or touched a button. Cameras showed that the piles of money had been. Das komplexeste Protokoll bei SSL ist das Handshake Protokoll. Dieses Protokoll dient zum authentisieren des Servers und des Clients, zum Aushandeln eines Verschlüsselungs- und MAC-algorithmus, sowie zum Austauschen der kryptographischen Schlüssel, welche für die Sicherung der Daten benutzt werden. Dieses Protokoll tauscht unterschiedliche Nachrichten zwischen Client und Server aus, die. Question: About 525 SSL handshake failed, my two domains have valid SSL certificates, so can Correctly Serving SSL Certificate for Multiple Domains on the Same Server if You have Multiple IPs. In this post, I have talked about setting up second SSL certificate for second domain Cloudflare Offers Dedicated SSL Certificates. As we know, the Free Universal SSL is available for all.

SSL Secure socket layerXYZ NETWORK: SSH, SSL, HTTPS, IPSec OSI model layer

Wie funktioniert ein SSL-Handshake? DigiCer

It contains the key exchange algorithm such as RSA/DHE_RSA, and cipher which defines the symmetric encyption algorithm such as AES. Reference. TLS Handshake Protocol (Windows) - MSDN - Microsoft An overview of the SSL or TLS handshake - IBM Transport Layer Security - Wikipedia SSL: Foundation for Web Security - The Internet Protoco A cipher suite is a set of algorithms that help secure a network connection that uses Transport Layer Security (TLS) or its now-deprecated predecessor Secure Socket Layer (SSL). The set of algorithms that cipher suites usually include: a key exchange algorithm, a bulk encryption algorithm, and a message authentication code (MAC) algorithm

SSL Handshake explained

  1. Der SSL Handshake. 16.06.10 KvBK Wolfgang Hüttenhofer sethur_blackcoat@web.de 4 Überblick Motivation Public Key Algorithmus und public key des darüberliegendem Zertifikats Bilden des Hashes über den Rest des Zertifikats und vergleichen mit dem Hash in der Signatur Überprüfen der Gültigkeitsdauer und Subjekt des Zertifikats. 16.06.10 KvBK Wolfgang Hüttenhofer sethur_blackcoat@web.de.
  2. Cannot communicate securely with peer: no common compression algorithm(s). SSL_ERROR_HANDSHAKE_NOT_COMPLETED-12202 Cannot initiate another SSL handshake until current handshake is complete. SSL_ERROR_BAD_HANDSHAKE_HASH_VALUE-12201 Received incorrect handshakes hash values from peer. SSL_ERROR_CERT_KEA_MISMATCH-12200 The certificate provided cannot be used with the selected key exchange.
  3. g an online life form. Meanwhile, cyber crimes and attacks are beco
  4. ssl_debug (7931): Received certificate handshake message with server certificate. ssl_debug (7931): Server sent a 2048 bit RSA certificate, chain has 4 elements. ssl_debug (7931): ChainVerifier: Found a trusted certificate, returning true. ssl_debug (7931): Received certificate_request handshake message
  5. It encrypts it using an algorithm also agreed upon during the Hello phase, and the server's public key (found on its SSL certificate). It sends this encrypted key to the server, where it is decrypted using the server's private key, and the interesting parts of the handshake are complete. The parties are sufficiently happy that they are talking to the right person, and have secretly agreed.

TLS Handshake : Under The Hood. TLS which is the successor of SSL is a protocol that provides a secure mechanism for authentication using x509 certificates. It also provides a two-way encrypted. Ciphers are algorithms, sets of instructions for performing cryptographic functions like encrypting, decrypting, hashing and signing. They can be symmetric or asymmetric, depending on the type of encryption they support. A Cipher Suite is a combination of ciphers used to negotiate security settings during the SSL/TLS handshake. During the. Handshake: To communicate over a secure channel, two peers must agree on the cryptographic keys and encryption algorithms for that session. TLS protocol describes the steps to authenticate the peers and set up a secure connection with defined parameters. The entire sequence which involves setting up the session identifier, TLS protocol version, negotiating the cipher suite, certificate.

How SSL works - TutorialsTeache

A complete overview of SSL/TLS and its cryptographic

SSL Handshake. In einfachen Worten gefasst, lässt sich ein SSL Handshake als ein Austausch von kryptografischen Informationen bezeichnen, die als Ziel haben, einen geheimen Schlüssel festzulegen, mit denen sie untereinander kommunizieren. Der Handshake auf der Serverseite ist ein sehr berechnungsintensiver Prozess. Je größer der Schlüssel. Add the following JVM argument for verbose debug during SSL handshake (JVM restart is required): -Djavax.net.debug=all:handshake:verbose. Trust type being used on this enviroment was pkcs12, from the SSL logs, it seems IBM Websphere was using jks truststore type which was default. The mismatch between the truststore type was causing the exception

Hashing Algorithm. The key in the encryption used by SSL and TLS is based a value created by a hash: a number that has been passed through an equation. This is secure so long as the hash algorithm is secure. Example: This example is an extremely example of what a hashing algorithm does. Normally, the algorithm is more complex and use very large. SSL Handshake failed Certificates does not conform to algorithm constraints using recent Java version >1.8.0_77. Log In. Export . XML Word Printable JSON. Details. Type: Bug Status: Closed. Priority: Major . Resolution: Workaround Affects Version/s: 2.0.0-M10 (2...v20151221-M10) Fix Version/s: None Component/s: None Labels: security; ssl; Environment: Windows 7 - JRE >1.8.0_77 Description. A cipher suite is a set of algorithms that help secure a network connection. Suites typically use Transport Layer Security (TLS) or its now-deprecated predecessor Secure Socket Layer (SSL). The set of algorithms that cipher suites usually contain include: a key exchange algorithm, a bulk encryption algorithm, and a message authentication code (MAC) algorithm One such encapsulated protocol, the SSL handshake protocol, allows the server and client to authenticate each other and to negotiate an encryption algorithm and cryptographic keys before the application protocol transmits or receives its first byte of data. One advantage of SSL is that it is application protocol independent. A higher level protocol can layer on top of the SSL protocol. The reason I mention this is because if you accidently disable TLS 1.0 and SSL 3.0 on your Windows Server 2008 R2, and don't specify the key to enable TLS 1.2, you'll need to deploy other means of accessing your server remotely, since all protocols have been disabled

SSL0234W: SSL Handshake Failed, The certificate sent by the peer has expired or is invalid. SSL0240I: SSL Handshake Failed, Socket has been closed. TLS1.2 connections don't work when enabled in IE9 or later¶ Some browsers won't accept a certificate chain that includes RSA+MD5 signature algorithm. You'll need a compliant certificate chain to handshake with them. Some analysis here Connection. For example, the SSL/TLS certificate used by the website we surf relies upon this SHA algorithm to quickly navigate us to the right place instead of being trapped by malicious hackers or middlemen. SHA algorithm creates a unique hash of an SSL Certificate along with its signature, which protects users like you and me from giving away private and sensitive information to cybercrooks Solved: The SSL handshake could not be performed. Host: www.washingtongas.com Reason: error:14077102:SSL routines:SSL23_GET_SERVER_HELLO:unsupporte This is the cause for the TLS/SSL handshake failure and the reason that the backend server sends the Fatal Alert: Handshake Failure to the Message Processor. Verify that the jsse.enableSNIExtension property in system.properties is set to false on the Message Processor to confirm that the Message Processor is not enabled to communicate with the SNI-enabled server SASL SSL not working: failed authentication due to: Unexpected handshake request with client mechanism SCRAM-SHA-512, enabled mechanisms are #4190 Closed bhushan558 opened this issue Jan 6, 2021 · 1 commen

Free SSL Certificate for Demo

java - SSL handshake exception: Algorithm constraints

In this article, we will learn how to install an SSL certificate and what is an SSL/TLS Handshake. There are certain steps that we have. Skip to content. Main Menu. MENU MENU. SSL Brands. Symantec SSL Certificates cheapest price: $241.00 VIEW ALL; RapidSSL Certificates cheapest price: $17.00 VIEW ALL; Thawte SSL Certificates cheapest price: $35.00 VIEW ALL; Comodo SSL Certificates cheapest. Now, the steps for SSL Handshake begins. Client sends Client Hello to Server. Along with that, it sends the set of Cipher Suites that it supports. Step5. Server acknowledge with ACK, and sends back a Server Hello, Server Certificate and the Server Key Exchange algorithm. Look at the below screenshots explaining each of them

SSL/TLS Handshake. HTTPS (HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure) is such an amazing protocol that does most of the heavy lifting on Internet. Yet, I feel we do not give enough credits to it. It is an interesting concept that involves quite a few components. HTTPS is based on SSL/TLS (Secure Sockets Layer/Transport Layer Security) encryption. TLS encryption protocol is used to encrypt network data. One among those is SSL handshake protocol. It is one the most complex protocols of SSL. It allows client and server to: Authenticate each other; To negotiate encryption & MAC algorithm. To negotiate cryptographic keys to be used. The Handshake Protocol is used before any application data is transmitted. The handshake protocol is made up of a series of messages exchanged between both parties. An encrypted connection is established betwen the browser or other client with the server through a series of handshakes. In this article I will explain the SSL/TLS handshake with wireshark. Step1. Client Hello. The client begins the communication. The first step is called client hello. The client lists the versions of SSL/TLS and cipher suites it's able to use. Step2. Server Hello. The. A cipher suite is quite similar to the Protocol Mismatch.SSL/TLS isn't just a single algorithm that handles everything on its own but a combination of numerous algorithms that serves different functions and work with each other to make up SSL/TLS.. Nevertheless, Cipher Suites used by TLS 1.3 has been refined. Earlier, Cipher Suite has algorithms that handled

How to Fix the SSL Handshake Failed Error (5 Methods

  1. In our prior SSL Performance Diary post, identities must be confirmed, algorithms must be selected, and keys must be exchanged. This is known as the TLS Handshake and can have a significant impact on your site performance. This article covers the second item, Establishing a secure connection. For more information on encrypting the data, please refer to SSL Performance Diary #3: Optimizing.
  2. SSL-handshake-Ausnahmefehler: Algorithmus-Einschränkungen, check fehlgeschlagen: MD5withRSA Habe ich versucht zu installieren Oracle Entitlements Server-Client. Wenn ich Anrufe
  3. While SSL/TLS is a complex protocol there a some basics one should understand in order to debug and fix most problems: SSL/TLS provides encryption and identification. Encryption without proper identification (or a pre-shared secret) is insecure, because Man-in-the-middle attacks (MITM) are possible. Identification is mostly done with certificates: Builtin trust anchors (Root-CA) in the.
  4. SSL handshake protocol—Negotiates the cipher suite used for secure communication, authenticates the server and client, and securely exchanges the keys between the server and client. The cipher suite that needs to be negotiated includes the symmetric encryption algorithm, key exchange algorithm, and MAC algorithm. SSL change cipher spec protocol—Notifies the receiver that subsequent packets.
  5. SSL/TLS Handshake SSL communication begins with a handshake routine that first establishes a TCP/IP connection. There is an exchange between a client and a server of about ten messages after which the communication is deemed to be secure. This exchange of messages is the SSL/TLS andshake process
  6. e the number of SSL records that are included in the frame, and list the SSL record types that are included in the frame
Ease Me Into Cryptography Part 4: TLS - Applied

How to Fix the SSL/TLS Handshake Failed Error? - AboutSSL

I choose the best SSL/TLS version and encryption algorithm among the ones browserbird sent me, and based on my preferences. I reply with my certificate, which includes my public key, so they can verify who I am. Step three: Vertical shaka. AKA Client Key Exchange. I check Compugter's certificate to make sure they are legit. I generate a 'pre-master key' so we can both use it later when we. Ein SSL-Handshake in der Einweg- oder Zweiwegkommunikation kann aus mehreren Gründen fehlschlagen. Wir werden jeden dieser Gründe durchgehen, den Ausfall simulieren und verstehen, wie wir solche Szenarien vermeiden können. In jedem dieser Szenarien verwenden wir die zuvor erstellten SimpleClient und SimpleServer. 5.1

SSL/TLS Strong Encryption: An Introduction - Apache HTTP

But if you are using a strong cryptographic algorithm - typically AES 256 - and a JDK with a limited list of algorithms then this is most likely the problem. A typical example is the Oracle JDK that do not include strong algorithm by default due to import regulations in some countries. This is explained in docuemntation of Java Cryptography Architecture Oracle Providers. In order to fix this. An SSL handshake uses a port to make its connections. This is called an explicit connection. Port 443 is the standard port for HTTPS, but there are 65,535 ports in all - with only a few dedicated to a specific function. TLS, conversely, begins its connections via protocol. This is called an implicit connection SSL/TLS for dummies part 2 - Understanding key exchange algorithm. June 25, 2018. /. In the last part of the blog series we have discussed about the basic concepts of cryptography. It includes Hashing, Symmetric and Asymmetric encryption and so on. I haven't spoken anything about SSL or TLS except their history In this post the whole SSL/TLS handshake in action is practically explored.Before that, the key takeaways from the last part were: TLS works on symmetric key; Symmetric key can be shared via secure key exchange algorithm ; Key exchange can be spoofed if the request is intercepted; Use of Digital signature for authentication; Certificate Authority and chain of trust. In this post a tool named. SSL Handshake Process. A SSL session always begins with an exchange of messages called the SSL handshake. The handshake allows the server to authenticate itself to the client by using public-key techniques, and then allows the client and the server to cooperate in the creation of symmetric keys used for encryption and decryption of the data.


How HTTPS TLS SSL Works RSA Algorithm in TLS SSL

Real SSL: Handshake (2) 1. client sends list of algorithms it supports, along with client nonce 2. server chooses algorithms from list; sends back: choice + certificate + server nonce 3. client verifies certificate, extracts server's public key, generates pre_master_secret, encrypts with server's public key, sends to serve Transport Layer Security (TLS, englisch für Transportschichtsicherheit), auch bekannt unter der Vorgängerbezeichnung Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), ist ein Verschlüsselungsprotokoll zur sicheren Datenübertragung im Internet.. TLS besteht aus den beiden Hauptkomponenten TLS Handshake und TLS Record. Im TLS Handshake findet ein sicherer Schlüsselaustausch und eine Authentisierung statt

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) Overview (Configuring Java CAPS

The SSL handshake. The client sends a client hello message that lists the cryptographic capabilities of the client (sorted in client preference order), such as the version of SSL, the cipher suites supported by the client, and the data compression methods supported by the client. The message also contains a 28-byte random number The SSL handshake protocol involves using the SSL record protocol to exchange a series of messages between an SSL-enabled server and an SSL-enabled client when they first establish an SSL connection. This exchange of messages is designed to facilitate the following actions: Authenticate the server to the client. Allow the client and server to select the cryptographic algorithms, or ciphers. One such encapsulated protocol, the SSL Handshake Protocol, allows the server and client to authenticate each other and to negotiate an encryption algorithm and cryptographic keys before the application protocol transmits or receives its first byte of data. One advantage of SSL is that it is application protocol independent. A higher level protocol can layer on top of the SSL Protocol.

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