Search for courses in the ETH Zurich course catalogue The spring semester 2021 will generally take place online. New presence elements as of April 26 will be communicated by the lecturers Suche im Lehrangebot der ETH Zuerich. Gesamtverzeichnis. Der Dozierendenkatalog und der vollständige Stundenplan können für das aktuelle und vergangene Semester auf der Seite Gesamtverzeichnis heruntergeladen werden
every semester recurring course. Language of instruction. English. Comment. This only applies to Study Regulations 09: In the Master Programme max.10 credits can be accounted by Labs on top of the Interfocus Courses. These Labs will only count towards the Master Programme. Additional Labs will be listed on the Addendum. Catalogue data Search for courses in the ETH Zurich course catalogue. The spring semester 2021 will generally take place online. New presence elements as of April 26 will be communicated by the lecturers. Course Catalogue . Print; Help Contact; de; Courses; Lecturers; Time and Place; Start; 263-4660-00L Applied Cryptography. Semester: Spring Semester 2021: Lecturers: K. Paterson: Periodicity: yearly. Search for courses in the ETH Zurich course catalogue. The spring semester 2021 will generally take place online. New presence elements as of April 26 will be communicated by the lecturers. Course Catalogue. Print ; Help Contact; de; Courses; Lecturers; Time and Place; Start; 252-0220-00L Introduction to Machine Learning. Semester: Spring Semester 2021: Lecturers: A. Krause, F. Yang. ETH Zurich is one of the leading international universities for technology and the natural sciences. It is well-known for its excellent education, ground-breaking fundamental research and for putting its new findings directly into practice. It offers researchers an inspiring working environment and its students a comprehensive education. Founded in 1855, ETH Zurich today has some 18,000.
Course Catalogue (2021/2022) Course descriptions for courses offered from May 2021 - April 2022. Graduate-level courses are available to students after admission to a graduate program and available to other students only with Faculty/School permission. Graduate students may take senior undergraduate courses for credit at the graduate level Search for courses in the ETH Zurich course catalogue. The spring semester 2021 will generally take place online. New presence elements as of April 26 will be communicated by the lecturers. Course Catalogue . Print; Help Contact; de; Courses; Lecturers; Time and Place; Start; 851-0101-74L Sustainable Development - Bridging Art and Science. Semester: Autumn Semester 2020: Lecturers: L. Hensgen.
The Multidisciplinary Courses may be selected from the entire course catalogues of ETH Zurich, EPF Lausanne, University of Zurich and University of St. Gallen. Science in Perspective (SiP) (2 credit points) is an integral part of the curriculum at ETH Zurich. It opens up new perspectives in natural and engineering sciences and teaches students to understand and critically question the. Course Catalogue. This page describes all courses that are offered by the Zurich-Basel Plant Science Center (PSC). Note : Courses of the PhD program Science & Policy are listed separately. PSC training provides an introduction to conceptual and technical approaches in research and also up-to-date methodological knowledge from research frontiers. Studierende. Weiterbildung. Meldung: Coronavirus-Pandemie: Informationen für Studierende sowie Kontaktangaben der Fachstellen finden Sie auf der Coronavirus-Webseite. Benützen Sie das Konto von der ETH Zürich. Bitte schalten Sie Java-Script ein. Für das einwandfreie Funktionieren von myStudies ist Java-Script erforderlich
The below lectures can be found in the corresponding semester in the ETH course catalogue. Every Spring Semester PHYS. Number Unit Lecturer; 402- 0300-00L : IPA Colloquium: H.M. Schmid A. Biland C. Grab A. Refregier: 402- 0714-00L : Astro- Particle Physics II: A. Biland: Every Fall Semester PHYS. Number Unit Lecturer; 402- 0000-02L: Laboratory Course in Physics for Students in Food Sciences. Innerhalb des ETH-Netzes (nur via VPN, einloggen per WLAN reicht nicht) kann an dieser Stelle das Skript zur Vorlesung heruntergeladen werden. Errata zum Skript. Seite 8: Anstelle von 'The fourth proposition is false. The fifth proposition is not known to be true (or false).' sollte es korrekt heissen: 'The fourth proposition is not known to be true (or false). The fifth proposition is false.
Admission requires a Bachelor'sdegree from ETH in Food Science. Holders of com-parable degrees from other institutions need to apply for admission. Students with a Bachelor's degree from ETH in Food Science who enter directly into the Master's degree programme may start the Master's degree programme in the spring or in the autumn semester. All other students can start the Master's. The Catalogue of Lectures of the University of Zurich - Overview of all study programmes, modules and courses at the University of Zurich An overview of all programmes is published in our course catalogue. PhD studies. There are two possibilities to start a PhD at Ghent University: apply for an open PhD position or a pproach a specific Ghent University professor. More information. Exchange programmes. Courses taught in English for incoming exchange students. Preparatory language courses. Students are advised to start learning. This course is part of the HS (fall term) 2021 and will be available on ETH MyStudies and the UZH course catalogue in due time. For ECTS you will need to sign up in ETH myStudies in addition to registering here. UZH students must register and sign up in ETH myStudies as UZH Fachstudent/in. Course Fee ON SITE: - CHF 150 for external participants, this includes 2 practical tutorials - CHF. Ethics (ETH) Film Studies (FILM) Finance (FIN) French (FREN) German (GERM) Global Citizen Program (GCP) Global Studies (GS) Graduate Business (GBUS) Graduate Business Entrepreneurship (GBEN) Graduate MBA Core (MBA) Greek (GRK) Health Innovation & Technology (HIT) Health Medicine and Society (HMS) Hebrew (HEBR) History (HIST) Humanities (HUM) Industrial and Systems Engineering (ISE) Integrated.
LAUREE MAGISTRALI A CICLO UNICO. Corsi di Laurea Magistrale a ciclo unico (5 o 6 anni This course will cultivate these skills while engaged in analysis and discussion of some of the most pressing moral difficulties we face. Also listed as PHIL (272 or 27200). Core: Meaning/Ethics/Soc Responsibil . ETH 28000: SEM:: 1-4 Hour(s) SEMINAR~ ETH 28100: INDEPENDENT STUDY: 1-4 Hour(s) INDEPENDENT STUDY~ ETH 29800: FIELD EXPERIENCE: 1-4 Hour(s) FIELD EXPERIENCE~ ETH 30100: ETHICS SERVICE. ETH Library News. Newly digitised journals available on E-Periodica. 09.06.2021. Discover the new full-text additions from various specialist fields on E-Periodica, the online platform for digitised Swiss periodicals. Finding journals quickly and easily. 07.06.2021. Journal search for holdings of the ETH Zurich libraries using ETH Library @ swisscovery. Information on the opening hours and. ETH Zurich, Prof. Joachim M. Buhmann, Fall Semester 2020. Course Description. Machine learning algorithms are data analysis methods which search data sets for patterns and characteristic structures. Typical tasks are the classification of data, automatic regression and unsupervised model fitting. Machine learning has emerged mainly from computer science and artificial intelligence, and draws. ETH Zurich; D-MAVT; IRIS; MSRL; Language Selection. English; You are here. Homepage; Education; Course Catalogue; Navigation Area. Subnavigation Close. Subnavigation. Back to Education . Introduction to Robotics & Mechatronics (151-0641-00) Theory of Robotics & Mechatronics (151-0601-00) Microrobotics (151-0604-00) Nanorobotics (151-0630-00) Studies on Mechatronics (151-0640-00) Distinguished.
2021-2022 Course Catalog. Facebook; Twitter; YouTube; LinkedIn; Home / Programs & Courses / Courses / Ethnic Studies (ETH) Ethnic Studies (ETH) ETH 200 | Introduction to Ethnic Studies: GT-SS3. Lecture Credit: 3 . Introduces students to the issues of race and ethnicity. Emphasizes ethnic relations in the United States as it pertains to four major groups: Americans of African, Asian, Latino and. Type Vérin électrique ETH Tailles ETH032 / ETH050 / ETH080 / ETH100 / ETH125 Pas de vis 5, 10, 16, 20 mm Course jusqu'à 2000 mm Force traction/poussée jusqu'à 114 000 N Vitesse jusqu'à 1,3 m/s Accélération jusqu'à 15 m/s2 Force axiale dynamique équivalente à une durée de vie de 2500 km jusqu'à 49 600 N Rendement jusqu'à 90
In agreement with their tutor, students can select their elective courses from the whole of the ETH course catalogue. The minimum of ECTS credits obtained from both compulsory and elective courses together must be 64. These courses are particularly recommended: Autumn semester electives Spring semester electives. Alternatively, other ETH-courses from the field of Energy Science and Technology. Florian Hanke studied computer science at ETH Zurich from 1997 to 2004. Its universal applicability has taken him as far as Papua New Guinea. Mastermind of active machine learning. Andreas Krause is one of Europe's leading machine learning researchers. He has now been awarded the Rössler Prize, ETH Zurich's most generous research award. Steven A. Coons Award for Markus Gross. Professor.
Red Rocks Community College Catalog 2020-2021 > Course Descriptions > ETH-Ethnic Studies Courses ETH-Ethnic Studies Courses ETH 200 Intro to Ethnic Studies: SS Das Studium am Departement Materialwissenschaft der ETH Zürich zeichnet sich durch wissenschaftliche Exzellenz, ein familiäres Umfeld und starken Praxisbezug aus. Nach der Grundausbildung im Bachelor-Studium (3 Jahre), können Studierende ein Master-Diplom erwerben (2 Jahre) Forschungsanstalt für Wald Schnee und Landschaft. Wählen Sie die Organisation aus, bei der Sie Mitglied sind! Falls Sie nicht dieser Organisation zugeordnet wurden und Kurszugriff benötigen, nehmen Sie bitte mit Moodle Administrator/innen Kontakt auf. Kurse können für Gäste geöffnet sein. Anmelden als Gast ETH 701 Internship in Business Ethics (3 credits). This course is a three-credit field-based educational experience for Bentley graduate students that provides the opportunity to (1) observe ethics and compliance practices, (2) apply and test hands-on the ethics/value concepts and methods learned in classes, (3) develop leadership skills, (4) test aptitude and personal preferences for various.
HASS courses are also no problem, ETH students also have to take one of those, and there is a wide selection available. Advice on taking courses in German (from Stefanie Jegelka) Regarding taking courses in German: if you are fluent, why not, it is a good way to learn it better. (It may depend a bit on the professor — Swiss speak german differently from Germans, but ETH also has many German. ETH STD 11AC Introduction to Ethnic Studies 4 Units [+]Expand course description. Terms offered: Fall 2021, Fall 2020, Spring 2020. This explores the work of key theorists of race, ethnicity, and de-colonization whose work and ideas have formed the basis of scholarly work in the broad, interdisciplinary field of comparative ethnic studies
. This course will examine contemporary and classic cinema, focusing primarily on US ethnic films from African American, Native American, Latinx, Asian Pacific Islander American, and Middle Eastern American cultures, as a tool to explore universal human themes as well as ethnic and cultural stereotypes Blockchain Developer Program (BDP) For the Blockchain Developer Online Bootcamp 2020 registration now open, click here. In this course, we start off by teaching you about the underpinnings of blockchain technology and show how it all comes together to allow us to build the next... $ 275.00. Certifications Master in Data Science page. Data science is a driving force of today's information age. The specialized ETH Master's program in data science, offered in collaboration with the Department of Mathematics as well as the Department of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, provides a high quality education geared towards nurturing the next generation of data scientists Ce cours contient les 7 premiers chapitres d'un cours d'analyse numérique donné aux étudiants bachelor de l'EPFL. Des outils de base sont décrits dans les chapitres 1 à 5. La résolution numérique d'équations différentielles est abordée dans les chapitres 6 et 7
Office: ETH Zurich, HG G 27.4 Course catalogue, etc: official info: Postal address: Department of Mathematics ETH Zurich Raemistrasse 101 8092 Zurich, Switzerland CV: Activities in 2020-2021 at ETH: Analysis I Fall 2020, co-taught with Urs Lang: course webpage (in German) and catalogue info (in English) Analysis II Spring 2021, co-taught with Urs Lang: course webpage (in German) and catalogue. Laboure College - ETH - General Education. Catalog and Student Handbook 2019-2020 > Course Descriptions > ETH - General Education Catalog Links Catalog Home; Site Map; All Catalogs; Share Print this page. Select a Catalog 2021-2022 Catalog > Program Information > Courses > Courses by Area of Study > ETH - Ethnic Studies > ETH. ETH-Ethnic Studies Ethnic Studies. Course : Title : Credits : ETH 200: Introduction to Ethnic Studies: SS3 : 3: ETH 212 : African-American Studies : 3: ETH 224: Introduction to Chicano Studies: 3. Course Catalogue lists all courses held at ETH Zurich. Study Plan lists courses offered at the MAS MTEC. Legal Documents. Regulations MAS MTEC (German) (PDF, 72 KB) Regulations MAS MTEC (English translation) (PDF, 198 KB) Footer Highlighted Links MAS MTEC Intranet; Search. Keyword or person. Follow us. Services . Student portal; Alumni association; Services & resources; Login; Contact. Morgan.
Harvard Universit Due to the coronavirus epidemic, teaching at ETH is currently online and students will not be admitted to ETH buildings. Information on how ETH returns to new normal operations . The Department of Physics aims to provide a Master program with a broad selection of courses, covering all major aspects of modern physics. The Master program should encourage breadth, but it should also enable. Course Catalogue Back. Awards and Scholarships Back. Glossary Back. This Calendar sets forth the intention of the University, at the time of its publication, with respect to all matters contained therein. The University reserves the right at any time to deviate from what appears in the Calendar, either in order to serve the best interests of the University, or because of circumstances or.
303.556.2600 Physical Address Cherry Creek Building 1111 W. Colfax Avenue Denver, CO 80204 Mailing Address Campus Box 201 P.O. Box 173363 Denver, CO 80217-336 College Catalog Print Options. Home / Course Descriptions and Information / Course Descriptions / Ethnic Studies (ETH) Ethnic Studies (ETH) ETH 010 Introduction to Ethnic Studies 3 Units. This interdisciplinary course is a combination of the humanities and social sciences. There is an emphasis on the learning of concepts and theories central to the study of Ethnic Studies. The class will also.
A vast number of electives from the entire range of courses of ETH Zurich and the University of Zurich enable further specialisation in the chosen subjects or widening of the breadth of education. Language . The main language of the Civil Engineering Master's degree programme is German. Further information on language requirements. The course catalogue gives information on language for the. Catalog; Environmental Studies Courses; Landscape Ecology. This is the first MOOC to teach Landscape Ecology. Participants learn theory, methods and tools to understand the landscapes we live in and to solve landscape-related environmental problems. There is one session available: Starts Jun 15. Ends Sep 4. 10,621 already enrolled! Enroll now. I would like to receive email from ETHx and learn. Courses and seminars: There is a wide variety of high-level lectures, minicourses and student seminars (see ETH Zurich Course Catalogue or Graduate Courses offered by the Zurich Graduate School in Mathematics Compulsory courses that were done in the ETH Biology Bachelor's programme have to be marked with Other programme. In the rare case a compulsory course does not have to be taken with agreement of your major advisor it can be marked with No. The section ECTS credits shows the planned, the needed minimum and the missing CPs in the categories Compulsory Subjects and. ETH Zurich. Inst. f. Robotik u. Intell. Syst. Maria Trodella. LEE H 207. Leonhardstrasse 21 8092 Zürich. Switzerland. Work +41 44 632 09 5
Undergraduate Catalog > Courses > ETH - Ethics. Print this page . Select a Catalog. ETH - Ethics ETH 2500 Ethics: Theory and Practice; ETH 2520 Sexual Ethics; ETH 2540 Ethics, Justice and Society; ETH 2550 Environmental Ethics; ETH 2570 Business Ethics; ETH 2580 Media Ethics; ETH 2600 Professional Ethics; ETH 2780 Christian Social Ethics; ETH 2790 Religion and Global Moral Issues; ETH 2880. . Johan Robertsson (ETH Zürich) Vortrag des SEG 2020 Europe Honorary Lecturer: Generalized sampling and gradiometry: Changing the rules of the information game. Mittwoch 15. Januar von 11:00 Uhr bis 12:30 Uhr im Hörsaal des Otto-Meisser Baus (MEI-0080). 07. November 2019 | Prof. Dr.-Ing. M. Horwath (TU Dresden) Global sea level change and the contributions from. ETH = Ethics ETH/NAR = Meets the Biennial NAR Requirement NMCC = Annual Core Course COURSE CLASS INSTRUCTOR/CITY FIELD SCHOOL/ COURSE COURSE NAME COURSE # CE TYPE FORMAT LICENSE EXP TYPE SUBJECT SCHOOL LINK OUTLINE **ETH/NAR courses that issue less than 4 CE hours will not fulfill the Ethics requirement for license renewal. All licensees are required to have 4 CE in Ethics in each licensee. ETH Zürich. Dep. of Environmental Systems Science. Prof. Dr. Tom Crowther. Institut für Integrative Biologie. CHN G 66. Universitätstrasse 16. 8092 Zürich. Switzerland . Work +41 44 632 32 01; V-Card (vcf, 1kb) Additional information. Research area. Our research addresses global change ecology. We are interested to generate a fundamental understanding of the ecological processes that. The diploma requires in total 90 credit points: 60 credits from core courses and elective courses from both statistics/mathematics and a field of application and 30 credits from the Master thesis. Students usually need three or four semesters to finish our program. More details can be found in the Info for current students
You will find additional programmes in the current 'Post-graduate degree courses' course catalogue, available at course catalogue. Important addresses. Department of Philosophy: Unter den Linden 6, www.philosophie.hu-berlin.de, Tel. +49 30 2093-2204 Course Advisory Service: Mr. Gertken, Raum 3013, Tel. (030) 2093-2850, email@example.com Approval and classification into. . Course Catalog Search; Class Search. In-Person, iCourse or Online classes radio button. In-Person & iCourses ASU Online Classes Clear Filters Advanced Search. Session A B C. Office of the Registrar, PO Box 641035, Washington State University, Pullman WA 99164-1035, 509-335-5346, firstname.lastname@example.org
Course Schedule and Catalog. Course Schedule ; Course Catalog; Course Schedule. Term. Session. CRN. Keyword(s) Search Criteria. Subject Code. Subject Description. Department. School. Sponsoring College. Distribution Group. Method of Instruction. SEARCH SCHEDULE RESET. Search Tips & Features New Features. We have added several new features to help you search for classes in the Course Schedule. 2TEM - Tech Entreprenurshp Management 7DGD - DGD Courses 7DOM - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery 7DOR - Orthodontics 7DPD - Pediatric Dentistry 7DPR - Periodontics 7DPS - Prosthodintics 7PHM - Pharmacology 7TMJ - Temporomandibular Jnt Disrdr AAAS - African & African-American Studies ACC - Accounting ACC - New Department/Subject ACM - Accompanying.
The course catalog below includes all courses currently approved to be taught at UC Berkeley. Please Note: Only a subset of courses that appear are offered each semester.To see a list of course offerings for a current or future term, please see the Class Schedule 2014-2015 University Catalog - Policy Handbook. Addendum III - 2014-2015 University Catalog - Homeland Security Programs. Addendum II - 2014-2015 University Catalog - Spring 2015 and 8-week Fastrac. Addendum I - 2014-2015 University Catalog - Winter 2015. 2013-2014 University Catalog - Academic Programs Catalog Links Catalog Home; Site Map; All Catalogs; Share Print this page. Select a Catalog 2020-2021 Catalog > Program Information > Courses > Courses by Area of Study > ETH - Ethnic Studies > ETH. ETH-Ethnic Studies Ethnic Studies. Course : Title : Credits : ETH 200: Introduction to Ethnic Studies: SS3 : 3: ETH 212 : African-American Studies : 3: ETH 224: Introduction to Chicano Studies: 3.
This post will assist you with the list of programmes - courses offered at the Botswana University of Agriculture and Natural Resources (BUAN) for 2021/2022 Academic Year. Check more details below. Myschooleth has published where you can access the Botswana University of Agriculture and Natural Resources courses 2021/2022 below MIT OpenCourseWare is a web-based publication of virtually all MIT course content. OCW is open and available to the world and is a permanent MIT activity Course. $ 99.00. Courses for Everyone. Blockchain Essentials: An Introduction to Blockchain (BE) Blockchain Essentials 2020 is our latest, definitive introduction to blockchain for anyone who wants to learn more about the technology Course Directory. Enter Search Criteria for Courses and Click the Submit Button. To View Course Descriptions: Select Abstract Under the Specific Course Number in Your Search Results. 7000-level courses are First Year Courses and FY-ELEC taught as SY-ELEC. 8000-level courses are Second Year Courses. 9000-level courses are Doctoral-Level Courses
Education Center: Course Catalog. Click the red X button in the upper right corner of the exam browser window. Upon re-entering the training module, you will be prompted if you would like to resume where you left off. Answer Yes to Would you like to resume where you left off ENROLL FOR SUMMER OR FALL 2021 NOW! Search the Course Catalog for Online, Remote Learning, Hybrid or In-Person classes. Learn more about . these different course modalities Self-driving cars with Duckietown is a practical introduction to vehicle autonomy. It explores real-world solutions to the theoretical challenges of automation, including their implementation in algorithms and their deployment in simulation as well as on hardware. Using modern software architectures built with Python, Robot Operating System. Search Catalog. All Courses Programs Filter Results. Credits / Credentials. Master's Degree Graduate Certificate Professional Program Graduate Credit CEU CME Topic. Artificial Intelligence Arts & Humanities.
The current Middlesex Community College academic catalog provides everything you need to know about our associate degree and certificate programs, course offerings, course prerequisites, policies and procedures, available student services, and much, much more Die Professur Gas- und Wärmetechnische Anlagen ist Teil des Institutes für Wärmetechnik und Thermodynamik und ist der Fakultät für Maschinenbau, Verfahrens- und Energietechnik zugeordnet Ethics (ETH) Finance (FI) Global Business Experience (GBE) Graduate Interdisciplinary (GR) Human Factors in Info Design (HF) Info Design and Corporate Comm (IDCC) Information Process Management (IPM) Law (LA) Management (MG) Marketing (MK) Mathematical Sciences (MA) Statistics (ST) Taxation (TX) PhD Course Descriptions; Faculty; Prior Catalogues
Course Catalog. This course is designed to meet and exceed the NFPA 1002 standard. Subject matter includes but not limited to: The Fire Pump, Driving, Performance Testing, and Mathematics for the Driver Operator. Hands on activities are incorporated to enhance the knowledge gained through the subject matter A note on Catalog Rights: Students have the right to follow the degree and certificate requirements that were in effect at the time of their original enrollment or any year thereafter, provided that they maintain continuous enrollment. Our 2021-22 Catalog Past Catalogs 2020-2021 Catalog 2019-2020 Catalog, listed on right side of page 2018-2019 Catalog -updated on August 20 Catalog Links Catalog Home; Site Map; All Catalogs; Share Print this page. Select a Catalog . 2021-2022 Catalog > Elective Lists > GT Pathway Courses. GT Pathway Courses The Colorado Department of Higher Education, in consultation with Colorado's public colleges and universities, has developed a standardized concept of general education and has identified the specific courses to satisfy. Thomas Edison State University provides opportunities for adults to earn a college degree. Explore our programs, online courses and flexible transfer credit policies today
Jon Lott, Jennifer Bonner, Michelle Chang, Jenny French, Alfredo Thiermann, Charlotte von Moos, Ron Witte, Nat Oppenheimer. The fourth and final semester of the core sequence, this architecture studio tackles the complexity of the urban condition through the design of housing. STU-1202. Tue, Thu 10:00 AM - 3:00 PM Catalog; Computer Science Courses; Agile Software Development. Learn fundamental agile concepts to enhance your software development skills. There is one session available: Starts Jun 15. Ends Dec 17. 38,824 already enrolled! Enroll now. I would like to receive email from ETHx and learn about other offerings related to Agile Software Development. Play Video for Agile Software Development. 10/2014-02/2015 Gastprofessorin an der ETH Zürich (Schweiz) Wissenschaftliches Interesse. Geochemistry of igneous and metamorphic rocks (including carbonatites) Geochronology (Rb/Sr, Pb/Pb, high precision U/Pb zircon dating) Stable isotope geochemistry (87 Sr/ 86 Sr, S, O, C) for source identification and as tracers (e.g. sulphide oxidation in acid mine drainage) Geochemie/Geoökologie. Was. Red Rocks Community College Catalog 2020-2021 > Course Descriptions > HIS-History Courses HIS-History Courses HIS 101 Western Civilization: Antiquity-1650: GT-HI Review the Catalog Go to wm.edu/osher to see the catalog online. Review Instructions Online Follow the step-by-step registration instructions on the website. Register and Pay and pay with a credit card (Visa or Mastercard accepted). Select Courses Online Choose the courses you would like to join. Select one or select them all! Receive Notification